It’s often a problem among even the most experienced people regarding display jargons. There are many terms, which lead to misunderstanding, and thus some pretty embarrassing mistakes when said wrong such as considering 1440p as 2K (No offense, Logan). So, just to clear things up, here are some of the simple explanations for monitor and display-related abbreviations:
This article is a continuation of our popular article about the best resolutions for gaming.
1080p: The most common resolution for gaming. It means a display resolution of 1920*1080 pixels.
2K: Is basically another term for 1080p that has been misunderstood as the synonym for 1440p. 2K basically means 2000 pixels, which is nothing but the resolution of 1920*1080 since 1920 is close to the specification of 2000 pixels by DCI. It’s not 2K per se, but it’s certainly more similar to 2K standard than 1440p is.
Full HD: Another commonly used abbreviation for 1080p.
1440p: An increasingly popular resolution for gamers as the graphics cards are getting better and can deliver smooth gameplay at that res. It covers a pixel count of 2560*1440.
qHD: qHD (Quad HD) is the proper and technically correct synonym for 1440p that probably has gained more popularity due to its extensive usage in the newer smartphone displays.
Retina: Basically a term by Apple that implies the resolution at which the image is sharp enough that the human eye cannot see the individual pixels even when concentrating on a particular spot. This resolution is rather relative, as it depends on the distance at which you are watching the screen and the size of the screen as well, but generally it lies between 300 pixels per inch or ppi when at a viewing distance of 10-20 inches on a 13 inch display, which is basically around 2560*1600 pixels.
4K: 4K is currently the premium starting point for most monitors and TVs, and it has a resolution of 3840*2160 pixels. If you’ve ever watched more than 10 videos by any of the popular YouTube channels regarding PC hardware, you already know about 4K and how amazing it is.
uHD: Stands for ultra HD, and is basically another name for 4K.
LCD: Stands for Liquid Crystal Display and is one of the most widely used display technology whether it’s monitors or smartphone displays or laptops.
OLED: Stands for Organic LED, which is basically a different kind of display technology in which the pixels actually light up by themselves as they are organic and do not require a backlight as in the case of LCDs. You can usually find them on all Samsung smartphones and other displays.
TN: Stands for Twisted Nematic. It’s a panel technology that you can find on many cheap displays or even on some of the higher end gaming monitors. They have the advantage of a higher refresh rate and response time but usually offer poor viewing angles and color reproduction.
IPS: Stands for In-Plane Switching. It’s a panel that you’ll find on a majority of the displays that utilize the LCD display technology. It’s basically the choice for editors and productivity freaks as it offers better color reproduction, better viewing angles and still a respectable amount of refresh rate and response times, making them good for non-intensive gaming as well.
These are the only jargon terms that I could remember so far. The comment section is down below so leave a comment if I left something out and I’ll update the article as soon as I notice it.